Pediatric Vision Care

Pediatric Vision CareWhat is special about Children's Vision?

 

Vision in the broadest sense, is the global ability of the brain to extract, process and act on information presented to the eye. This complex process combines three major areas.  Visual acuity, which is largely dependent upon refractive status and eye health.  Visual efficiency skills, representing eye focusing, teaming, and tracking skills.  Visual information processing, representing the ability to recognize and discriminate visual stimuli and to interpret them correctly based upon previous experience. Every examination we provide for children, regardless of the child's age, has these thoughts in mind.

 

 

 

 

 

 

                             Infants

 

Our infant vision examinations start in early infancy and continue through the school years. Although young children may not be able to read an eye chart, specialized procedures have been developed that allow us to measure the clarity of children's sight at almost any age.

 

 

 

"The American Optometric Association guidelines recommend that all children have a complete vision and eye health examination at the age of 6 months, 3 years, upon entering kindergarten, and routine vision care (every 2 years) thereafter throughout their school years."  (http://www.aoa.org)

 

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                       School Performance

 

Many vision problems can be corrected more easily with early diagnosis and treatment. Reports have estimated that up to 25% of students in grades K thru 6 have vision-related problems, which may contribute to poor school performance. The visual system matures rapidly during the first few years of our lifetime and it is important to identify any problems that may interfere with normal vision development.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Eye Examinations for Infants, Toddlers and School-aged Children

 

children_eye_exam_photoA comprehensive eye examination will assess visual acuity, refractive status, eye tracking, eye focusing, eye teaming and ocular health.  Visual acuity measures how clearly a child sees objects.  Refractive status measures for nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), and astigmatism.  The child is evaluated for any eye health problems, including active pathology or congenital anomalies.  Eye tracking is the ability of the eyes to fixate, smoothly follow and look between objects or printed words.  Eye focusing is the ability to efficiently change or sustain focus while reading.  Eye teaming is the ability to coordinate both eyes accurately without fatigue or excessive effort.  Accurate eye teaming is also important for accurate depth perception or stereopsis.  Early detection and management is recommended to prevent vision loss or asymptomatic eye disease from limiting vision development.  To learn more about how the examination process differs for infant, preschool, and school-aged children visit the links section.

 

 

           Hand - Eye Coordination

 

Young children use vision to explore the world by identifying objects and directing movement.  Early detection and intervention via comprehensive eye examination is vital to allow proper development of perception and eye-hand coordination skills.

 

 

 

 

Call us at 509-452-9189 to schedule an appointment.