Ocular Disease


We provide diagnosis, treatment and management of diseases which affect the human eye and visual system.  Some examples include:



 Dry Eye Syndrome is an inflammatory condition that occurs on the surface of the eye when the normal flow of tears is interrupted and/or the tear film chemistry is abnormal.  In many cases, dry eye syndrome is a life long problem.  You can relieve the symptoms, but not completely cure the original cause.  Treatment options can include artificial tear lubricants and prescription eye drops.  In some cases, blocking the tear ducts will retain more of the limited tears that are available.




 Keratoconus is a disorder that occurs when the cornea, which is typically rounded, becomes cone-shaped.  The progression is usually slow and can stop at any stage from mild to severe.  This distortion increases as the cornea bulges and thins.  The apex of the cornea often scars, reducing the vision.  Treatment of Keratoconus is most effective with gas permeable contact lenses, designed specifically for the irregular corneal surface.  If contact lens treatment is not successful, surgical corneal transplant may be necessary.




Diabetic Retinopathy is a eye condition that can manifest when blood sugar levels are too high.  High blood sugar levels cause blood vessels to leak fluid or bleed.  Inside the eye, this can ultimately cause the retina to swell and form deposits know as exudates.  Vision can be lost if these areas progress without treatment.  At our office, we carefully examine the back of your eyes to detect and manage this condition or other important eye diseases.




Cataract is a clouding or opacity of the natural internal lens of the eye.  This opacity may be a small spot or may cover the entire lens.  When light enters the eye it is scattered, causing images to appear hazy and blurred.  There are many different types of cataracts.  The one shown here is a cortical cataract.  Here the opacity forms first is the periphery of the lens and develops inward, like the spokes of a wheel.  Ultimately, the best  treatment is to remove the cataract lens and replace it with an acrylic lens implant.  This is referred to as cataract surgery.




Macular Degeneration is a condition in which the central part of the back of the eye loses blood circulation.  It is considered a natural aging process.  There is a breakdown of retinal pigment epithelium cells in the macular region.  As the disease progresses, central vision diminishes.  It is believed that this breakdown may be due to a lack of nutrients being supplied to the region. Additional studies have found a genetic link to this disease.  Initial treatment options may involve better nutritional management with oral supplements containing the primary antioxidant minerals and vitamins that are found to be lacking in many macular degenerated patients.  In addition, more recent research has shown intraocular medication injections to be helpful in slowing progressive vision loss for some patients.